ANOREXIA NERVOSA: weight loss of 25% or greater.
Incidence is 1 in 20 among adolescents and 1 in 14 on campus . 9/10 are girls.
Conscious suppression of appetite leading to starvation due to illogical fear of becoming obese. There is relentless pursuit of thinness,body image disturbance, severely malnourished with menstrual abnormalities. There is excessive compulsive exercising beyond physical capacity. Wears baggy clothes to hide thinness. Leads to :
- Lack of menstruation
- Loss of fat tissue
- Low blood pressure
- Dental cavities
- Hair loss
- impaired immunity
- kidney failure.
Death is due to cardiac arrest/ kidney failure, major cause of suicide.
Anorexia is hard to prevent, and it can be fatal. The best antidote to anorexia is counseling, to help the victim re-evaluate their priorities and the importance of being excessively thin. Treatment involves restoring the body to normal weight, and it may occasional involve hospital treatment,
Incidence 1 in 5
Recurrent episodes of binge eating, repeated purging with self induced vomiting and use of purgatives. Excessive obsession with weight and figure. The victim is usually aware that their eating pattern is odd, and they will commonly be depressed when they are binge-eating. They usually vomit or eat in secret, and conceal their problems. Body weight is usually normal or low, but victims will frequently consider themselves overweight. Signs-dramatic fluctuations of weight, puffy face , baggy eyes, bloating, cramps, dizziness, fainting spells, menstrual irregularities Long term, leads to deficiencies in body, irregular heart rate, heart failure, depression, emotional and mental disturbance-suicide Treatment works by confining eating habits to more common and consistent feeding times. Counseling can also help to reduce binge-eating urges.
Overeating is when a person eats excessive amounts of food, usually to combat depression or sadness, and can be caused by stress.